Existentialism- The Struggle Remains in Mulk Raj Anand’s Major Novels

  • Pillai Rajammal Swaminathan Ph.D. Research Scholar in English, Prist University Thanjavur, Tamil Nadu, India
  • Dr. K. Thiyagarajan Guide, Prist University Thanjavur-613403, Tamil Nadu, India

Abstract

Existentialism is a philosophy that emphasizes individual existence, freedom and choice. It is centered upon the analysis of existence and of the way humans find themselves existing in the world. The perception is that, humans exist first and then each individual spends a lifetime changing their essence or nature. Existentialism is a philosophy concerned with finding self and the meaning of life through free will, choice, and personal responsibility. Existentialism is a quest for authentic existence. Jean-Paul Sartre says, ‘Man is nothing else but what he makes of himself. Such is the first principle of existentialism.’ Man’s sufferings and humiliations comes under the aspect of existentialism, which is found in the novels of Anand.  Anand is a humanist and his humanism manifests itself in a realistic representation of the inhumanity of the situation of the oppressed masses, suffering, various types of disability, discrimination and alienation. Existentialism is an aspect of humanism and Anand has portrayed it through human beings pathetic sufferings and miseries. Anand’s humanism dwells into the survival of human love through existentialism. The humanism of Anand showcases the concerns of existentialism, exposing the reality of life and its tragic condition of suffering and misery. The pathetic condition of suffering and misery is existential since it has the elements of chance, absurdity and nothingness in them. Their alienated conditions are shaped by fear and loneliness. Though Anand denies of being an existentialist, his most of the works reveal existential ideologies of Sartre and Heidegger.

References

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Binod Mishra – Existential concern in novels of Mulk Raj Anand; pg.25
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Dieter Riemenschneider , Alienation in the Novels of MRA in perspective on M.R. Anand, ed. K.K.Sharma, Ghaziabad, Vimal Prakashan, 1978. Pg.96
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How to Cite
SWAMINATHAN, Pillai Rajammal; THIYAGARAJAN, Dr. K.. Existentialism- The Struggle Remains in Mulk Raj Anand’s Major Novels. SMART MOVES JOURNAL IJELLH, [S.l.], v. 7, n. 11, p. 11, nov. 2019. ISSN 2582-3574. Available at: <http://ijellh.com/OJS/index.php/OJS/article/view/10098>. Date accessed: 07 dec. 2019. doi: https://doi.org/10.24113/ijellh.v7i11.10098.