Trade union and labour productivity: Evidence from Nigeria
This paper analyzes the effect of trade union activities on labour productivity in Nigeria and challenges to union activities by using both quantitative and qualitative data on more than 400 respondents from labour union and government agencies. The Unions' effects on productivity are negative their magnitude being larger than those on productivity encouragement trade union give to government agencies to motivate workers. Enforcement of manpower training and development is a strategy of trade unions to improve productivity of labour while the demand for welfare condition is a strategy of trade unions in achieving labour productivity. Challenges including political interference, lack of finance, and inadequate human resources limit potentials of trade unions to achieve its objectives. In order to improve productivity, improved communication and understanding between trade union and government are crucial to improving labours’ productivity.