Realism and Social Concern: A Comparative Study on A. J. Cronin’s The Stars Look Down and Na. Parthasarathy’s Sathyavellam.
The prime motto of research—scientific or literary-- is to evaluate, to develop or to mend the
society in which it is conducted. Literature, the fantastic document of contemporary life, has
been serving the society significantly. Especially, 20th century literature stresses the need of
individuals having social concern besides documenting the bitter social realities as such. Set
of principles sans the contemporary knowledge of social realism and rationalism can never be
named after idealism. The proposed paper is to be a comparative study on realism and social
concern in the select novels of A. J. Cronin and Na. Parthasarathy. The researcher focuses
realism as a style of art or literature that shows or describes people and things as they are in
real life (Webster n.p). The selected novels, Cronin’s The Stars Look Down and
Parthasarathy’s Sathyavellam are filled with idealists who want to protect and upgrade the
lives of the suppressed. The primary aims of the proposed study are: a) to compare the role of
realism in the select novels of A. J. Cronin and Na. Parthasarathy and b) to compare the level
of social concern among the protagonists of the select novels. The present research will once
again ensure the universal saying: literature is one, humanity is one.