Elements of Naturalism in The Old Man and The Sea

  • Mr. Shashidhar S Assistant Professor, Department of English Acharya Institute of Graduate Studies Hesarghatta Road, Soldevanahalli, Bangalore-560107


Every decade has witnessed emergence of varied philosophies that elucidates ways to arrive at
the meaning of life. Naturalists too have tried doing the same. The naturalist philosophy
pioneered by Emile Zola is based on the proposition that life is an enduring struggle against
nature. It further explains how nature influences man's existence, with a meticulous stress on the
hostility of nature to man. Determinism is emphasized upon leaving no room for free will of an
individual. The philosophy is detrimentally relevant on date too, considering the times now, that
increasingly stands witness to the inhuman nature of the human beings. Man’s inherent desire to
remain the powerful and overpower the nature with his indomitable spirit continues. The
naturalist philosophy, however, negates the free will of man and supports the inherent
susceptibility of man to be the victim of heredity and circumstances. “The Old Man and The
Sea” by Ernest Hemmingway demonstrates the endless struggle of man against the indomitable
nature thereby substantiating the naturalist philosophy. The paper draws attention to the
naturalist philosophy propounded in the aforementioned work authored by Ernest Hemmingway

How to Cite
S, Mr. Shashidhar. Elements of Naturalism in The Old Man and The Sea. IJELLH (International Journal of English Language, Literature in Humanities), [S.l.], v. 6, n. 2, p. 10, feb. 2018. ISSN 2321-7065. Available at: <http://ijellh.com/OJS/index.php/OJS/article/view/3223>. Date accessed: 17 mar. 2018.