Paradigmatic Heroism: Campbell’s Archetypal Heroes In Bakha And Balram Of Lower Class And Caste
Classic are forever praised to perpetuate the epitome of goodness in the language and literary standards. Popular fictions, on the other hand, appeal more to the readers of the modern era as they can relate with the text. The Untouchable a classic of India, projects the intolerances among the human groups during the colonial era. The White Tiger by Aravind Adiga’s, on the other hand, portrays the contemporary India which appears to be not only indifferent to the differences in caste and class but also shows visible coldness towards many other evils in the society. Both are victims of the societal indifferences of caste and class Eventhough, the characters belong to different time periods, they exhibit a heroism that is similar to Campbell’s observations. According to Campbell’s The Hero with a Thousand Faces, a hero’s journey in the early myths and epics consists of three main facets: “departure––initiation––return,” which Campbell describes as “a separation from the world, a penetration to some source of power, and a life-enhancing return.” When Anand inverts the pattern of Campbell’s Monomyth, Adiga follows a more classic pattern of the hero’s journey, showing that the authors present their own interpretations of archetypal heroism. The paper, thus attempts to bring down the relevance of Campbell’s theory from the mythological elevated stories to those considered to be of lower caste and class and thus nullifying the logic of the latter.