(Ph.D. Research Scholar, Dept. of Humanities and Social Sciences, Indian Institute of Technology Bombay (IITB), Mumbai)
Local moralities and reproductive rationality
Against the Euro-American understanding of family and filiation which is fundamentally based on bio-genetic connection, there are studies that unravel new and different forms of rationality in making families using new reproductive technology or ART. Katrina Hargreaves’ work (2006), based on field work in News Land, suggests an exceptional way of constructing parenthood and families such as through gamete donation, challenge foundational understandings about human reproduction, male and female reproductive roles and the formation of families. According to her, much of the work on kinship in Euro-American cultures has focused on new reproductive technologies, on gender, and on the social construction of science. In particular, anthropologists have been concerned with sets of issues about ‘nature’ and ‘biology’ and the relationship between the ‘biological’ and the ‘social’. There is a need for destabilising the analytical opposition and blurring the boundaries between these two concepts (Hargreaves 2006). Carsten (2000), for example, sets out to show that in many cultures the boundaries between the ‘biological’ and the ‘social’ are decidedly blurred and, in some cases, not visible at all (cited in Clarke 2009: 35)
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Assisted Reproductive Technology (ART): Understanding Body-Politics and Situated Moralities of Assisted Reproduction.
Part-2. Local moralities and reproductive rationality