Dr. Mohd Arif
Assistant Professor in Law
AMU – Murshidabad Centre
Criminals are found in every society who are breaking laws and committing illegal acts for their satisfaction, whatever the kind is. History showed many crimes depending on the medium of crime used by the offender. Especially when technology was developed, it increased the ease in human’s life but at the same time unknowingly it created medium for the criminal activities by the use of the latest technology of the computer and the internet as a way towards crime. Cybercrime is an evil having its origin in the growing dependence on computers in modern life. In a day and age when everything from microwave ovens to nuclear power plants is being run on computers, cybercrime has assumes rather sinister implications. In the last couple of decades, India has also witnessed the adoption of internet technologies in all facets of life. This proliferation of internet has also advanced the cybercrime and cybercrime victimization. Cybercrime is a criminal activity that uses a computer either as an instrument, target or means for perpetuating further crime. It is difficult to detect, seldom reported and even more difficult to prove. Computer related crimes lack the traditional paper and its trail is away from the conventional policing and requires specialists with a sound understanding of computer technology. In 2010, the United Nations General Assembly also addresses the cybercrime as one of the major challenge in its resolution of cyber security, as in this digital age, online internet utilities become a norm. Along with the netizens, non – netizens and the governments are becoming the new victims of the cybercrime as with the passage of time cybercrime evolved from just data theft to violation of human rights and cyber terrorism. At this juncture, it has become relevant just to get know that who are involved in committing these computer based crimes and what are the loopholes in Indian laws on the subject resulting in more victimization. The present paper is divided into four parts. The authors firstly will discuss about how the cybercrime evolve and develops and available legal provision with reference to Indian scene; secondly will discuss the cyber casualties and new modus operandi; thirdly will discuss who are the ultimate victims of cybercrime and statistically discuss the last five year cybercrime record in the India; and fourthly will discuss the loopholes in the cybercrime policy of India.
Keywords: Internet, Crime, Cybercrime, Victims, Information Technology Act.