Professor Mahmoud Kharbutli
World Islamic University
This essay aims to study Conrad’s novel Heart of Darkness in the light of Bakhtin’s theory of the genre. The emphasis will be placed on the interplay of voices in the novelistic art as seen by the Russian critic in his critical use of polyglossia, monoglossia and heteroglossia. Such interplay leads to a democratic fictional world. Conrad adds to all this an ironic mode of dealing with his protagonist, as Muecke sees what may be called novelistic irony. Thus, the relation between the novelist and the narrator gains added significance. Marlow is treated in such a way as to undercut his egotistically despotic pretensions.
Key Words: travesty, dialogic, monoglossia, polyglossia, heteroglossia, carnivalesque, specificum, irony.