Ph.D. Research Scholar
South Asian Studies
Jawaharlal Nehru University
Disparity is one of the main causes of conflict within the Indian states. Just after India got independence the country witness conflicts that have repeatedly shook the country again and again. There are tremendous disparities between peoples, areas and regions. Why the region lacks development and causes disparity in spite of being rich in natural resources? This paper would undertake deep analysis of the causes of disparity and how it could lead to conflict. The paper will sustain this argument by looking at the cases of the Gorkhas movement in the District of Darjeeling. The demand for a separate state or autonomy by the Gorkhas is a long history. There was a demand for a separate administrative set up in the hills of Darjeeling since 1907. The demand has been flagged off by various parties which continued even till today. The conflicts were turned more violent with the coming up of Gorkha National Liberation Front. The Gorkha National Liberation Front demanded a separate “Gorkhaland” for the Gorkhas in India. The movement took violent from the year 1986 to 1988 which later led to the signing of an agreement between the Government and Gorkha National Liberation Front known as the Darjeeling Gorkha Hill Council. Thus, the paper will discuss on how granting autonomy is not always the solution if it is not associated with socio-political and economic developments. The developmental initiatives should be to rebuild and restore the very basic foundation of the societies that is affected by prolong conflicts. The Government should be careful in framing its policies or plan which is based on community responses that is sustainable and participatory so that it can prevent the growth of further conflicts.
Keywords: Conflicts, Disparity, Development and Conflict