Ebrahim Sk

Research Scholar, JRF, Department of English

AMU, Aligarh, Uttar Pradesh




Darkness prevails across the society in the world, be it physical darkness or mental darkness. People are enslaved of different ills, corrupted the heart and soul of human being. There are subjugation, ignorance and marginalization, atrocities against minorities, children, youth, women and untouchable. Roy’s the God of Small Things takes note against caste-system, gender bias, superstitions and other wrongs of the society. It depicts extreme sufferings of Ammu, Velutha, Rahel and Estha; patriarchal domination of Pappachi and Chacko; domestic violence against Mammachi and Ammu; childhood exploitation, pain and sorrow of Rahel and Estha. It also highlights severe life condition of lower caste, untouchable. Paravans, a lower caste, untouchable were not allowes to touch anything that touchable touched.  They were forced to sweep way their footprints so that touchable cannot defile themselves. Velutha was tortured mercilessly by the upper-caste Police Inspector Thomas Mathew because he loved a Syrian Christian lady Ammu. Marxism, which usher for a new world, is also loosing its position in the society. It became a tool of exploitation for Mr. Pillai, a Marxist. He not only exploited labor of Ayemenem but also lower untouchables.

Key Words: Darkness, subjugation, marginalization, untouchable, exploitation.

Heart of Darkness in Arundhati Roy’s the God of Small Things