Srima Nandi

Assistant Professor

Department of Humanities and Social Sciences

Sir J. C. Bose School of Engineering (SKFGI)

Mankundu, Hooghly-712139

West Bengal



China has predominantly been a patriarchal society where men have been at the core of the family. As the head of the family they are seen as policy makers and women as home makers. Being restricted to their homes, women have consciously maintained their Chinese tradition and culture down the ages. Throughout time, women have obeyed, surrendered, bounded, changed, formed and deformed, damaged, mutilated and altered themselves and their bodies to please men in order to survive in the patriarchal society. Foot-binding1 is one of the many ways in which Chinese women have participated in and became bound to patriarchy. Mothers informed their daughters about such voluntary ordeal of how to succeed in a world authored by men. They were taught to maintain their femininity, submissiveness, docility, and complete obedience to men in the family. Most often women’s loyalty was put into question. In Old World China, girls were sold as ‘slaves’ and the demand for these slaves were appreciatively high.

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Interpreting Silence, Articulation, and Resistance in Maxine Hong Kingston’s The Woman Warrior: Memoirs of a Girlhood among Ghosts