Phukan Ch. Basumatary

Associate Professor

Department of Bodo, Bodoland University


Assam (India)



This paper attempts to analyze the kinship structure and terminologies used in the Boro society. The discussion has been done from the perspectives of sociology of culture and linguistic point of view. From analysis it is observed that kinship terminologies are composed of two different words indicating family relations and the personal pronouns. In this regard a close affinity may be found in the formation of kinship terms among the Bodo group of languages. Chiefly there are two types of constructions in the kinship terms. These are terms of address; and on the other hand terms of references. One set of terms is closely related to the first person who addresses directly to the persons of close relations. It refers to the immediate kin relationship. Terms of address are constituted with combination of first personal pronoun and the terms of kin relations. The other set of terms for kinship are associated to the second and third person. From the sociological perspective it may be observed that the terms of relations are the key units of the clan or family relations and the other hand constitute a linearity of the homogeneous group of clans. In this paper all the aspects have been taken into account from sociological and linguistic perspectives.

Keywords: kin relationship, terms of address, terms of reference, patrilineal, blood relation, affine kin group, social affiliation.

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