Dr. Ruchi Goyal
Poornima University, Jaipur
Narration is considered as the art of voicing moods and expressions in the form of a story. In India, narration got its roots where it developed in the hands of intellectuals. A narrative is a story which has a beginning, a middle and end. It is conveyed by a person who is consigned the title of narrator who narrate it through pictures, poetry, fiction or non-fiction genre. To relate the narrower components of the narrative the writer uses different techniques and devices. In Indian English fiction narrative writing has important place. Indian writers chose language of their colonizers to express their innate feelings but they adopted, nurtured and made English language their own. Indian English fiction writers use narrative to provide creative respite and fulfillment. Through the narrative they delve into stories or observations to edify or entertain readers. They also express their purpose of story through narrative writing. Indian English writers apply different narrative techniques in their narrative. Since 1938 when Raja Rao’s Kanthapura was published, there has been much aggrandizement in the narrative techniques. Kanthapura was perhaps the first most successful and influential Indian novel which has great story- telling qualities. Raja Rao mainly used oral narration. The later writers like Kamala Markandaya, R.K. Narayan, Mulk Raj Anand and Anita Desai expand this tradition of narrative. A sound narrative leaves its readers with a dominant impression about its characters and event. The present paper provides a profound knowledge of narration and narrative techniques espoused by Indian fiction writers to nurture the art of narration.