*Tejram Khamari

Research scholar,

Department of English

Dr. C.V. Raman University, Bilaspur (CG)


**DR. C.C Mishra

Associate professor

Department of English

K.G. Arts and Science College, Raigarh (CG)




Problematic Race Relation has been one of the most extensively written themes in literature over the years. Momentous works like Mark Twain‘s   The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn, Chinua Achebe’s Things fall Apart, Nadine Gordimer’s Burger‘s Daughter and Toni Morrison‘s The Bluest Eye and Beloved, are but a few examples. Twice a booker prize winner and a recipient of Noble prize for literature (2003) white South African author John Maxwell Coetzee’s novels have made an indubitable   contribution to world literature. Despite the fact that Coetzee as a child saw himself as English, he felt excluded from complete identification in a country controlled by a regime founded on racial and cultural distinction. Admissibly, he has based many of his writings on the racial and cultural conflict in the apartheid era. This paper analyses the effect of racism and patriarchy in unleashing discrimination in South African society and culture in the apartheid era with special reference to J.M. Coetzee‘s fiction In the Heart of the Country and Age of Iron.

Keywords: Problematic race relation, racial discrimination, cultural conflict, apartheid in South Africa.

Problematic Race Relation in J. M. Coetzee’s Fiction ‘In the Heart of the Country’ and ‘Age of Iron’