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Social Anxiety among Adolescents in relation to their Self – Concept, Gender and Streams of Study

 

Chaman Lal

Research Scholar

Department of Education

Himachal Pradesh University

 Summer Hill

 Shimla

India

 

Abstract:

In the present study an attempt was made to find out Social Anxiety among Adolescents in relation to their Self – Concept, Gender and Streams of Study. The following objectives were laid down for the present study, To study and compare social anxiety of adolescents with respect to their; (a) Self-concept (b) Gender (c) Streams of study and To study interaction effects of; (a) Self-concept and gender (b) Self-concept and streams of study (c) Gender and streams of study (d) Self-concept, gender and streams of study on social anxiety of adolescents.  The following hypotheses were formulated for the present study; (a) Adolescents having different levels of their self-concept do not differ significantly in their social anxiety. (b) Adolescent male and female students do not differ significantly in their social anxiety.  (c) Adolescents studying in different streams do not differ significantly in their social anxiety and (a) Self-concept and gender do not interact significantly with regard to the social anxiety among adolescents. (b) Self-concept and streams of study does not interact significantly with regard to social anxiety among adolescents. (c)Gender and streams of study does not interact significantly with regard to social anxiety among adolescents. (d) There exists no interactional effect among self-concept, gender and streams of study on the social anxiety level of adolescents. To conduct the present study, the ‘survey’ technique under the descriptive method of research was used by the researcher. In the present study social anxiety was considered dependent variables and self-concept, gender and streams of study as independent variables.   In the present study population was defined in terms of all the students studying in science, arts and commerce streams in different senior secondary schools of Himachal Pradesh.  The data comprised of 600 students studying in 10+1 class was drawn randomly from Kangra, Chamba, Una and Shimla districts of Himachal Pradesh.  For the collection of relevant data following tools was used.  Social Anxiety Scale developed and standardized by the investigator himself. To study the main effects and double as well as triple interaction effects of independent variables i.e. self-concept, gender and streams of study, the statistical technique of Analysis of Variance was applied. Wherever ‘F’ values came out to be significant, the‘t’ test was be applied to test the significance of difference between mean scores on dependent variable.  Main findings of the study were:  Adolescents having different levels of their self-concept differ significantly on their social anxiety.  Adolescents having high self –concept had significantly higher social anxiety (185.41) than their counterparts have low self-concept (177.49). Adolescent male and female students   do not differ significantly in their social anxiety. Male and female adolescent students do not differ significantly in their social anxiety.  The students studying in different streams differ significantly in their social anxiety level.  Students studying in commerce stream had significantly high level of social anxiety than the students studying in arts stream.  Self-concept and gender do not interact significantly with regard to the social anxiety among adolescents. There are approximately the same differences in the means of social anxiety between students having high and low level of self-concept irrespective of their gender i.e. male and female.  Self-concept and streams of study does not interact significantly with regard to social anxiety among adolescents.  The differences in the means of social anxiety of students having high and low level of self-concept is approximately the same regardless of the stream in which the students are studying  i.e. science, arts and commerce.  Gender and streams of study does not interact significantly with regard to social anxiety among adolescents. The differences in the mean of social anxiety between male and female adolescents is approximately the same irrespective of their streams of study i.e. science, arts and commerce in which they are studying.  There exists no interactional effect among self-concept, gender and streams of study on the social anxiety level of adolescents.   The triple interaction among adolescents, gender and streams of study with regard to social anxiety of students is not significant means that self-concept  and gender interactions with regard to social anxiety for different streams of study are of the same type; that self-concept and streams of study interaction with regard to social anxiety of students for different gender i.e. male and female is of the same type; that gender and streams of study interaction with regard to social anxiety of students for different level of self-concept is of the same type.

 

Key words: Social anxiety, adolescents, secondary schools students, self-concept, gender and streams of study.

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2017-04-04T09:07:20+00:00
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