Dr. Sylvester Mutunda
Literature and Languages Department
University of Zambia
Using the ethnography of communication as propounded by Dell Hymes (1974), this study attempts an analysis of proverbs in Malama Katulwende’s Bitterness (2005). Thirteen proverbs have been picked out and worked with the ‘SPEAKING’ acronym. The research found out that the settings, participants, ends, act sequence, key, instrumentality, norms, and genre allow for a comprehensive understanding of the data. From the findings, the study submits that the tools of S.P.E.A.K.I.N.G, is a veritable tool one can use in the analysis and understanding of oral traditions of various people’ cultures. The study concludes that the link between the linguistic forms and the society they depict is remarkable and such harmony is considered a powerful strategy effectively used by the writer (Katulwende) that would make the work relevant to African Studies researchers.
Key Words: Bemba proverbs, Malama Katulwende, Sociolinguistic, and Zambian