Faculty Member, Department of English, Faculty of Humanities
Gonbad Kavous University
Tennessee William as one of sterling modern American playwrights is well-known for crafting psychologically deep plays dealing with multilayered realties of American life, yet these plays appeal to anyone regardless of cultural hitches. The playwright shines in the firmament of American drama for evincing lyricism bot only in language but also on stage. In addition, drama critics have extolled him for the masterful manipulation of symbols in the architecture of his plays. Symbols in his plays not only bestow extra literary layers, but also play a pivotal role in delivering themes. Accordingly, the current article endeavors to demonstrate how Tennessee Williams puts forwards the theme of conflict between ‘flesh’ and ‘spirit’ in his The Orpheus Descending by utilizing symbols.
Key Words: Theme, Symbol, Flesh, Spirit, Conflict
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Symbols as Literary Tools in Delivering the Theme of Spirit versus Flesh in Tennessee William’s The Orpheus Descending