Baby Ritu Phukan

Asst. Professor

Dept. of English, Digboi College

Dist. Tinsukia, Assam



This paper is an attempt to make a study of the women characters in Manju Kapur’s Difficult Daughters (1998), with particular emphasis on the evolution of the daughter, Virmati, as a ‘new woman’ in the midst of the repressive patriarchal structures of the Indian society, and, how the mother, Kasturi, unwittingly, becomes the female voice of patriarchy.  A study of the novel also reveal that though the role and status of women are changing yet significant changes are yet to be achieved and establish that as long as women continue to perpetuate and sustain patriarchy, they can never achieve the equality and freedom they are craving for.

Click to View and Download Research Paper in PDF:

The Female Voice of Patriarchy in Manju Kapur’s Difficult Daughters