Shruthi.K.R.1, PhD Student, Department of Sanskrit, Jain University, Bangalore.

Dr. Rajani Jairam2, Professor, Department of Sanskrit, Dean (Student’s welfare)

Jain University, Bangalore



Abstract: There are many ancient texts which describe vimanas used during ancient wars. In Bhagavata purana, we can find the description of Saubha vimana. Maya one of the popular architects among all devas is considered to have built this aircraft. This aircraft is described as a powerful metallic flying palace through which the king Salva wished to destroy all the Vrishnis and danavas. In Mahabharatha we find description of Asura Maya’s vimana, Indra’s aerial chariot, Hiranyapura and many other aerial chariots. Even our vedas describe special types of vimanas like “Jalayan, Kaara-kaara-kaara, Tritala, Trichakra ratha, Vayu ratha, Vidyut ratha, Tripura ratha, Agnihotra vimana (which has two engines) and “elephant-vimana” (which has multiple engines). Kautilya in his Artha shastra has advocated “Hasti-yantra” which is a small flying machine which is used to scare away elephants in the war field. This is similar to Alaghu Dharu vimana described by Bhoja in his work Samarangana Sutradhara. Maharshi Bharadwaja’s Vymanika shastra describes 32 features of aircrafts. Most of these features are related to war aircrafts. There are very interesting features like Goodha, Adrishya, Jaladha Roopa, Sankuchita, Vistrita, Akashakara etc. There are some techniques to listen to the conversation in enemy aircrafts and view what is happening in enemy aircraft. These are very similar and sometimes more advanced than features of modern war aircrafts. A few years back it was a major news when parts of 5000 year old vimana was discovered in caves of Afghanistan and US military scientists who tried to remove that same from the cave had disappeared during the process. The technical reason behind the process is considered to be because of activation of the “Time Well” upon soldiers holding this ancient vimana hidden in the cave since 5000 years. Our main objective is to understand the description of vimanas in our ancient texts and compare the same with the similar features in our modern aircrafts so that we can think of the probable technology behind them.

Keywords: Saubha vimana, Hiranyapura, Indra’s aerial chariot, Hasti-yantra, Gaja vimana, Agnihotra vimana, Jalayan, Bombardier 415 MP,  Kaara, AAV7A1 Assault Amphibious Vehicle, Tritala, Three storey Sky Whale, Trichakra ratha, Vimana found in Afghanistan cave, Vymanika Shastra.

Analysis of a few interesting vimanas described in Srimadbhaagavatam, Mahabharatha, Vedas, Arthashastra and Vymanika Shastra