SHRUTHI.K.R.1, Ph.D. STUDENT, DEPARTMENT OF SANSKRIT
JAIN UNIVERSITY, BANGALORE
DR.RAJANI JAIRAM2, PROFESSOR, DEPARTMENT OF SANSKRIT, DEAN (STUDENT’S WELFARE)
Our ancient texts describe many vimanas used during the ancient wars. It is astonishing to think about the technological advancements during that period. In Bhagavata purana, we can find the description of Saubha vimana., Maya the popular architect among all the devas is considered to have built this aircraft. This aircraft is described as a powerful metallic flying palace through which king Salva wanted to destroy all the Vrishnis and danavas. In Mahabharatha we find description of Asura Maya’s vimana which measures 12 cubic feet with four wheels. Even our vedas describe special types of vimanas like “Jalayan, Kaara-kaara-kaara, Trichakra ratha, vayu ratha, vidyut ratha, Tripura ratha, Agnihotra vimana (which has two engines) and “elephant-vimana” (which has multiple engines). Kautilya in his Artha shastra has advocated “Hasti-yantra” which is a small flying machine which is used to scare away the elephants in war field. This is similar to Alaghu Dharu vimana described by Bhoja in his work Samarangana Sutradhara. Maharshi Bharadwaja’s Vymanika shastra propounded by Venerable Subbaraya Shastry describes 32 features of aircrafts. Most of these features are related to war aircrafts. There are very interesting features like Goodha, Adrishya, Jaladha Roopa, Sankuchita, Vistrita, Akashakara etc. There are techniques described to listen to the conversation in enemy aircrafts, view what is happening in enemy aircraft. These are very similar and sometimes more advanced than the features of modern war aircrafts. A few years back it was a major news when parts of 5000 year old vimana was discovered in caves of Afghanistan and US military scientists who tried to remove that same from the cave had disappeared during the process. The technical reason behind the process is considered to be because of activation of the “Time Well” upon soldiers holding this ancient vimana hidden in the cave since 5000 years. Our main objective is to understand the description of war vimanas in our ancient texts and comparing the same with the similar features in our modern aircrafts so that we can think of the probable technology behind them.
Keywords: Ancient War vimanas, Salva’s Saubha vimana, Modern military aircrafts, Vymanika Shastra.