Evaluate that Consciousness is the Controller of the Lives of the Characters in James Joyce’s Novels


  • Md Sujan Sekh Research Scholar Dept. of English B.R.A. Bihar University Muzaffarpur, Bihar, India




Conscious, Subconscious, Unconscious, Mimicry


 Consciousness refers to the continuous flow of thoughts, memories and awareness in the human mind. It covers a larger area of unrestricted mental activities. There are layers within layers in the human consciousness. This paper tends to show that there is no other controller of an individual but his or her own consciousness. The paper has been undertaken in hopes that the study would lead to a new knowledge and provide foundations or approaches to James Joyce, which would make his novels more understandable. It also examines how consciousness affects the characters’ participation in various activities. They are affected positively or negatively by their consciousness. Each of the layers of the human mind plays an important role in influencing and shaping human behavoiur. If a character does some work without thinking, he is unconsciously conscious. Events in memory are co-existed. They move backward and forward freely. Joyce’s novels are mimicry of mental activities going on in the minds of the characters: Stephen Dedalus, Leopold Bloom and Molly Bloom. The darker side of the mind is given more emphasis than the light side of our beings. He renders the ‘psyche’ or ‘soul’ of character accurately or truthfully. The interest shifts from the extrovert to introvert, from outer to inner. He tries to portray impressions flowing in conscious, subconscious and unconscious mind.


Download data is not yet available.


Daiches, David. The Novel and the Modern World. Revised ed. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1960.
Humphrey, Robert. Stream of Consciousness in the Modern Novel. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1958.
James, William. The Principles of Psychology. London: Macmillan and Co., Ltd [n.d.]
Joyce, James. A Portrait of the Artist as a Young man. London: Jonathan Cape, 1945.
---. Ulysses. New Delhi: Indialog Publications Pvt. Ltd., 2007.




How to Cite

Sekh, M. S. (2019). Evaluate that Consciousness is the Controller of the Lives of the Characters in James Joyce’s Novels. SMART MOVES JOURNAL IJELLH, 7(11), 15. https://doi.org/10.24113/ijellh.v7i11.10095