Gender studies, a form of scholarship with strong connections to women’s studies and LGBTQI studies primarily challenges what Gayle Rubin refers to as the “sex/gender system”, which positions heterosexuality as the only normal form of sexual relations and thus bifurcates humans into “males” and “females”. To better ensure the distinction of these two sexes, the sex/gender system demands that the males always behave in ways conventionally understood as “masculine” while females must behave in a traditionally “feminine” manner. By linking these sexes to these specific genders, Rubin argues, the sex/gender system works as a powerful regulator of individual behavior and social relations, particularly with regard to the subjugation of women.
Mulvey, Laura. Visual Pleasure and Narrative Cinema. Oxford University Press, 1975, pp. 60-63.
Adorno, Theodor, and Max Horkheimer. “The Culture Industry: Enlightenment As Mass Deception.” 1972. Media And Cultural Studies: Keyworks, edited by Meenakshi Gigi Durham and Douglas M. Kellner, Blackwell Publishing Ltd., 2006, p.45.
Butler, Judith. Gender Trouble: Feminism And The Subversion Of Identity. 1sted., Routledge, 1990, p. 140.
Celeste Kearney, Mary. The Gender and Media Reader. 2017th ed., Routledge, 2012, pp. 8-13.
Dasgupta, Sanjukta, et al. Media, Gender, and Popular Culture in India: Tracking Change and Continuity. Sage Publications India Pvt Ltd, 2012, pp. 56-59.
en. m.wikipedia. org/ wiki/ Mayaanadhi. Accessed 5 October 2019.
en. m. wikipedia. org/ wiki/ Varathan. Accessed 5 October 2019.
Etherington- Wright, Christine, and Ruth Doughty. Understanding Film Theory. Palgrave Macmillan, 2011, pp. 151-166.
Furstenau, Marc. The Film Theory Reader. Routledge, 2010, pp. 200-219.
Kumar, K. Naresh. Indian Cinema Ebbs and Tides. 1995th ed., Har- Anand Publications, pp. 33-49.
Mayaanadhi. Directed by Aashiq Abu. Dreammill Cinemas and Entertainments, 2017.
Monaco, James. How to Read a Film. 4th ed., Oxford University Press, 2009, pp. 71-73.
Shepherd, Simon. The Cambridge Introduction to Performance Theory. Cambridge University Press, 2016, pp. 184-198.
Varathan. Directed by Amal Neerad. Amal Neerad Productions, 2018.
How to Cite