Syntax and the Chomskyan Revolution
Sounds make up morphemes, morphemes make up words, and words come together in sentences; in linguistics, the study of how words come together in sentences is called syntax.
The crucial insight is that forming sentences is not a mere matter of placing words in order one at a time. Rather, just as the phonemic/phonetic distinction underlies the mere assemblage of sounds, and just as conglomerations of morphemes underlie the surface rendition of words, in syntax there is what lies beneath and what is on the surface.
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