Themes and Techniques in James Joyce’s Clay


  • Ms. P. Sujeetha Lecturer in English TSWRDC Warangal, Telangana, India



James Joyce, a prolific Irish writer of his age. ‘Clay’ from Dubliner is known for its varied themes and techniques. It renders captivating opportunities for the readers to present his/her own perception of symbolism to ‘Clay’. Joyce has displayed a double level of symbolism structure which he explicitly managed to handle paradoxical symbolic element simultaneously. The title ‘Clay’ itself has a symbolic meaning - in the human world it has less worth but this unworthy element has the capacity to mould to any given shape. Maria, the protagonist is a symbolic representation of Clay at one level and Mother Ireland at another level. Themes of poverty, triggered social relationships are shown through the technique of symbolism.


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Joyce , James. Dubliners. 1914:reprinted, London : Jonathan Cape,1956.
Sexton, Adam. CliffsNotes on Dubliners. 27 Dec 2019</literature/d/dubliners/about-dubliners>.




How to Cite

Sujeetha, M. P. (2020). Themes and Techniques in James Joyce’s Clay. SMART MOVES JOURNAL IJELLH, 8(1), 7.