Inner Conflicts and Racial Prejudices-An Analyses of Expatriates in ‘Bye Bye Blackbird’


  • Dr. Indu Goyal Dept. of English Allahabad Degree College Allahabad, Uttar Pradesh, India



 At present many women writers like Jhumpa Lahiri, Bhabani Bhattacharya and Anita Desai have worked on the issues of expatriation and the complexities in the life of diasporas. Anita Desai dives deep into the unconscious and subconscious psyche of the expatriates and their nausea, nostalgia and longings to their native land. Expatriation appears as a recurrent motif in post-colonial literature across the world because it constitutes not only the commonly shared experience of the migrant people but also the creative sensibility of their writers. Desai highlights the physical and psychological problems of Indian immigrants and explores the adjustment difficulties that they face in England.


Download data is not yet available.


Atma Ram, Interview with Indo-English writers (Calcutta: 1983). p.31.
Ibid. p.31.
Anita Desai, Bye Bye Blackbird (Delhi: Hind Pocket Books, 1971), p.6.
Walder, Dennis. Identity, Memory and the Ethics of Post-Colonial Literatures from The Journal of Commonwealth Literature, Volume 38, Number 3, ed. John Thieme and Geraldine Stoneham,( London: Sage Publications, 2003.).
Jain, Jasbir. “Anita Desai”, Indian English Novelists, ed. Madhusudan Prasad (New Delhi: Sterling Publishers, 1982), p.41.
Pathak, R.S. “The Alienated Self in the Novels of Anita Desai”, The Fiction of Anita Desai ed. R.K.Dhawan (New Delhi: Bahri Publications, 1989), p.29.
Hariprasanna, A. An Expression of Feminine Sensibility: Anita Desai’s Bye Bye Blackbird, The Indian Journal of English Studies, Vol. XXXIII 1994-95, p.81.
Iyengar, K.R.S. Indian Writing in English (Bombay: Asia, 1962), p.464.
Gupta, Ranjana Sen. Sunlight Through Chiwks, Hindu, 1980.
Desai, A.R. Social Background of Indian Nationalism (Bombay: Popular
Prakashan, 1976).p.140-41.
Fannon, Frantz. The Wretched of the Earth, trans. Constance Farrington
(Harmondswoth: Penguine Books, 1982), p.32.
Bralthwaite, E.R. To Sir, With Love, Qtd. Vinay Kirpal, The Third World Novel of Expatriation, p.26.
Rao, Ramchadra B. The Novels of Mrs. Anita Desai: A Study (Delhi: Kalyani Publishers, 1977), p.47.
Ibid. p.47.
Hodge, Bob. “The Atlantis Project Necrophilia and Touristic Truth”, Meanjin,49 (3), 1990, p.389-401.
Kirkpatrick, Joanna. Women in Indian-English Literature: The Question of Individualism, Journal of South-Asian Literature, 12 (Spring-Summer, 1977), p.122.
Pathak, R.S. op. sit. p.32.
Bande, Usha. The Novels of Anita Desai (New Delhi: Prestige Books, 1988) p. 124.
Rao, Raja. Comrade Kiriilov (Delhi: Orient Paperbacks, 1968), p.19.




How to Cite

Goyal, D. I. (2020). Inner Conflicts and Racial Prejudices-An Analyses of Expatriates in ‘Bye Bye Blackbird’. SMART MOVES JOURNAL IJELLH, 8(1), 18.