Strained Marriage Relationships in Ibsen’s A Doll’s House and Lawrence’s Sons and Lovers: A Critical Analysis


  • Salma Haque Associate Professor Department of English Language and Literature International Islamic University Chittagong Kumira, Sitakundo, Chattagram, Bangladesh



Strained marriage is a traumatic experience which is influenced by complex social, financial, cultural and psychological factors. For this study two European literary couples Nora-Helmer and Gertrude-Mr. Morel from Henrik Ibsen’s A Doll’s House and D.H. Lawrence’s Sons and Lovers are taken and their problems get visible for real life couples to see. This paper is mainly related to the fact that many issues regarding strained marriage are still under-researched.  This study attempts to go into the depth of this global issue by providing information through critical textual analysis. In  nature, it is an explanatory as well as exploratory research.  A qualitative approach will be employed to know about the causes of strained  marriage relationship and  its consequences on the couples and families.


Download data is not yet available.


Ahmed, Sofe, 2012, “Sigmund Freud’s Psychoanalytic Theory of Oedipus Complex: A Critical Study with Reference to D. H. Lawrence’s Sons and Lovers”, International Journal of English and Literature, Vol.3, No.3, March.
Arafat, Yasir, 2017, “ Women Identity in Henrik Ibsen’s A Doll’s House and Robert Frost’s Home Burial: A Comparative Study”, Project Work, India, University of Calicut, March 3.
Balaky, Salman and Sulaiman, Nafsar, 2016, “A Feminist Analysis of Ibsen’s A Doll’s House”, Beytulhikme: An International Journal of Philosophy, Vol.6. No.1, June.
Behnam, L, 2007, A, Note on Ibsen and Nora’s Doll Life, Tehran: Jahan-e-Kitab.
Bulaila. A A, 1992, Marriages in the Novels of Thomas Hardy and D. H. Lawrence, PhD thesis, Nottingham: University of Nottingham Press.
Dimin, Luo, 2013,“Code Switching in Sons and Lovers”, Advances in Literary Study,Vol.1, No.4.
Gafourinia, Jamili, 2014, “The Women’s rights in Henrik Ibsen’s A Doll’s House”, Journal of Novel Applied Sciences,Vol 3.
Goodman, C, 1998, “The Sins of the Fathers and Mothers: The Child as Victim in Modern Literature”, Modern Language Studies, Vol: 15, No. 2, Spring.
Haiyan, Li, Rongquian, Weng and Xiaojun, Guo, 2016, “Paul Morel’s Oedipus Complex in Sons and Lovers”, Studies in Literature and Language, Vo. 13, No.1.
Haviland, William A. 2011, Prins, Harald E. L.; McBride, Bunny; Walrath, Dana Cultural Anthropology: The Human Challenge (13th ed.). Cengage Learning. ISBN 978-0-495-81178-7.

Hooti, Noorbakhsh and Torkamaneh, Pouria, 2011, “Henrik Ibsen’s A Doll’s House: A Postmodernist Study”, Theory and Practice in Language Studies,Vol,1,No,9,September.
Kumari, Nisha, 2016, “A Psychoanalytic Reading of D. H. Lawrence’s Sons and Lovers and Lady Chatterley’s Lover”, International Journal of Linguistics, Literature and Culture, Vo. 2, No. 4, November.
McCarthy, Mary, 1989, “The Will and Testament of Ibsen”, PMLA, Vol. 104, No.1(Jan).
Nesaruddin, 2013, “Quest for the whole in D. H. Lawrence’s Sons and Lovers”, International Journal of Comparative Literature & Translation Studies, Vol. 1, No.3, October.
Ng, Ronald, 2011,“The Critique of Bourgeois Life”, Ed. Anlje Budde,. Canadian Review of Comparative Literature, Toronto, CCLA.
Niazi, Nozor, 2013, “Analysis of Sons and Lovers: the resources of language: lexis, syntax, phonology, figurative language, cohesion and coherence”, International Journal of Applied Linguistics and English Literature, Vol 2, No.4.
Rekdal, Anne , 2002,“ The Joussance”, Scandinavian Studies, Vol. 74, No. 2.
Shah, A R, 2016, “The Concept of Feminism in Henrik Ibsen’s A Doll’s House”, The Criterion: An International Journal of English, VOL: 7, issue VI, December.
Templeton, John, 1989, “The Doll House Backlash: Criticism, Feminism, and Ibsen”, PMLA, Vol. 104, No.1, January.
Thompson, D. M, 1994, “Calling in the Realists: The Revision and Reputation of Lawrence’s Sons and Lovers”, A Focus on Fiction, Vol: 7, No.3 (spring), North Carolina: Duke University Press.
Tichenor, V.J., 1999, “Status and income as gendered resources: The case of marital power,” Journal of Marriage and the Family.Vol:6.
Valency, Maurice, 1983, The Flower and the Castle: An Introduction to Modern Drama, New York: Schocken.
Vicki, Mahaffey, 2010, “A Portal of Forgiveness: A Tribute to Ibsen’s Nora”, South Central Review, University of Illinois, The Johns Hopkins University Press, Vol. 27, No. 3, Forgiveness (FALL).
Wang, Quan, 2016, “Before Marriage, After Marriage, Within Marriage-Kristine Linde in A Doll’s House”, The Explicator, Vol.74, No. 2.
Windenfeld, Logan, 2016, “Excess and Economy in Sons and Lovers, Studies in the Novel, Vo. 48, No. 3.
Yuehua, Guo, 2009,“Gender Struggle over Ideological Power in Ibsen’s A Doll’s House”, Canadian Social Science,Vol.5, No.1, February 234.




How to Cite

Haque, S. (2020). Strained Marriage Relationships in Ibsen’s A Doll’s House and Lawrence’s Sons and Lovers: A Critical Analysis. SMART MOVES JOURNAL IJELLH, 8(1), 22.