The Psychological Transitions in the Character Portrayal of E.M. Forster’s A Passage to India
A passage to India, of E.M. Forster, sheds light on the psychological journey of the main characters (Mrs. Moore, Mrs. Adela Quested, Dr. Aziz) who are connected to the incident of the Marabar caves. E. M. Foster has given the readers the opportunities to analyze and discuss the novel from various angles. Having the context in India and characters from the Britain, this text can be analyzed from different perspectives including colonial studies, political perspective, physical and mental passage of British people to India, cultural conflict, religious conflict, racism and so on. And all these issues along with Marabar Caves do create some impacts on the characters in different times as the storyline gets developed in the novel. The experience of the Marabar caves affected the minds of the characters and a great deal of transformation is observed among them. This paper highlights how the story of Dr. Aziz changes with the incoming of Adela and Mrs. Moore as well as how the deflection that occurs in the Marabar Caves incident transits these character’s life into a new diverse vision. This paper also focuses how the journey of the characters switches into a new mode of realization; find a new identity, new philosophy of life through the transitions.
Dawson, Terence. The effective protagonist in the nineteenth-century British novel: Scott, Bronte, Eliot, Wilde. Routledge, 2016.
Dolin, Kieran. "Freedom, uncertainty, and diversity: A Passage to India as a critique of imperialist law." Texas studies in literature and language 36.3 (1994): 328-352.
Elliott, David. W. “A Psychological Literary Critique from a Jungian Perspective of E. M. Forster’s A Passage to India.” (2005). Electronic. Theses and Dissertations, Paper 1069. http://dc.etsu.edu/etd/1069.
Forster, E. M. A Passage to India. 3rd ed., Ed. Oliver Stallybrass, Penguin Books Ltd,1979, PP.31- 316, 27 Wrights Lane, London W85TZ, England. [ All textual references are to this edition.]
Hollingsworth, Keith. "" A Passage to India": The Echoes in the Marabar Caves." Criticism 4.3 (1962): 210-224.
James, William., “A world of Pure Experience”.Essays in Radical Empiricism,1996. Longmans, Green and Co., 1912.
Jung, C.G. Collected Works. Trans. R.F.C. Hull.Ed.Sir Herbert Read, Michael Fordham And Gerhard Adler. Princeton UP, Bollingen Series,20,1954-67.
Levin, June perry. “An Analysis of the Manuscripts of A Passage to India”. PMLA 85 (1970): 284-94. JSTOR, 4 May. 2005, http://www.jstor.org/search
Mahbub, Rahman. M. “Beyond Sexual Anxiety: Experience and Mystery of the Marabar Caves in A Passage to India” Ideas, vol.1, September 2015, pp.179-194
Pintchman, Tracy. "SNAKES IN THE CAVE: Religion and the Echo in EM Forster's" A Passage to India"." Soundings (1992): 61-78.
Poburko, Nicholas. "Transitional passages: The metaphysical art of EM Forster." Renascence 54.1 (2001): 23-45.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.