The Syntax of Anaphors in Ki-Imenti: A Bantu Language Spoken in Kenya
This paper is an investigation of the distribution of anaphors in Ki-Imenti. Ki- Imenti is a Bantu language spoken in Meru Central, North Imenti and Buuri sub-counties, Meru County. It is one of the dialects of Kimeru. The objective of this paper is to determine the syntax of anaphors in Ki- Imenti. The study is guided by Chomskyâ€™s Binding Theory. The binding theory divides noun phrases into three basic categories anaphors, pronouns and R-expressions. This theory develops three binding principles to explain the distribution of these noun phrases. These are the binding principle A, binding principle B and binding principle C. This study is only limited to the distribution of anaphors. The study adopts a qualitative study research design as it gives detailed descriptions and explanations of the phenomena studied. The researcher generated the data for the study herself using self-introspection and the data was corroborated by ten native speakers who were purposively sampled. The paper has established that Ki-Imenti conforms to the binding principles. Anaphors are bound in their binding domain, whereby the binding domain is the inflectional phrase or the noun phrase containing the anaphor. This paper will make a contribution to the knowledge of the syntax of anaphors in Ki- Imenti and the description of the syntax of Bantu linguistics in general.
Carnie, C. (2006). Syntax. A Generative Introduction, Oxford: Blackwell Publishers.
Chomsky, N. (1981). Lectures on Government and Binding. Dordrecht: Foris.
Chomsky, N. (1986). Knowledge of Language, its Nature, Knowledge and Use, New York; Praeger.
Chomsky, N. (1993). A Minimalist Program for Linguistic Theory. In Halle and Keyser (eds). The View from Building 20. Cambridge: MIT Press.
Chomsky, N. (1995). The Minimalist Program. Cambridge: MIT Press.
Kulikov, L. (1994). Causative Constructions in Tuvinian: towards a Typology of transitivity. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz 258-264
Marten, L. (1999). Syntactic and semantic Underspecification in the Verb Phrase. (Unpublished Ph.D. thesis). University of London.
Mchombo, S.A. (2004). The Syntax of Chichewa. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Muriungi, P. (2008). Phrasal Movement inside Bantu Verbs: Deriving Affix Scope and Order in KÃ®-tharaka. Ph.D. thesis, Universitetet i TromsÃ¸, TromsÃ¸, Norway.
Muriungi, P. (2010). Accounting for the Three Readings of the Causative Morpheme in KÃ®- tharaka*Nordic Journal of African Studies. 19(3): 181â€“200.
Mwangi, P. (2001). The Syntax and Semantics of causative affixes in central Kenya Bantu,South African of African Languages.
Ngonyani, D. (1998). Properties of Applied Objects in Kiswahili and Kindendeule. Studies in African Linguistics 27; 67-95
Radford, A. (2009). Analysing English Sentences: A Minimalist Approach. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Robert, A. (2008). Role and Manifestation of Causative Morpheme â€˜chiâ€™ in Cuzco, Quechua. M.A. Thesis. The University of Pitsburgh.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.