Odysseus Reborn: Parallelism between Odysseus and The Postmodern Man
Keywords:Odysseus, Postmodern, Homer, Odyssey, psychoanalysis, PTSD, Hemmingway
The mythical character of Odysseus has been a recurring figure since his first introductions, in the Great Greek writer, Homer's works around 700 BCE, in the, 'Illiad', and, 'Odyssey'. He has been invoked over the ages to suit the means of the said eras, trans-morphing the character of the Classical Greek Hero to meet the desired ends of the poets, authors and periods. The aim of the paper is to deconstruct the works where he has been mentioned and thus in turn construct the character itself. This will be done through the famous works he has been mentioned in, such as Virgil's 'Aeneid', Dante's 'Inferno', Horkheimer and Adorno's 'Dialectic of the Enlightenment'. In doing so, the paper shall establish the grounds for Odysseus to come out as a character that suits all ages for a good reason. Furthermore, a Psychoanalytical analysis and study shall establish his relevance and stand in the Postmodern age that we live in, which shall aim to decentralise popular notions, moving away from the modernist experimentation towards the postmodern appreciation of the classical character as one, who at the true core had been formed with such intricacy that writers have been forced to adapt him in their works, time and again.
Adorno, Theodor W., and Max Horkheimer. Dialectic of Enlightenment. Verso, 2016.
Alighieri, Dante, et al. Inferno. Random House?; London, 2003.
American Psychiatric Association. Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders?: DSM-5. 5th ed., American Psychiatric Association, 2013.
Fagles, Robert. Homer: The Odyssey. Penguin, 1999.
Hemmingway, Ernest. A Farewell to Arms. 1st ed. New York, Charles Scribner’s Sons, 1929.
Kant, Immanuel, and Mary J. Gregor. Practical Philosophy. Cambridge University Press, 1999.
Martin, Christopher D. “Ernest Hemingway: A Psychological Autopsy of a Suicide.” Psychiatry: Interpersonal and Biological Processes, vol. 69, no. 4, Dec. 2006
Niederland, William G. The Problem of the Survivor?: Part I, Some Remarks on the Psychiatric Evaluation of Emotional Disorders in Survivors of Nazi Persecution. Vol. 10, Journal of the Hillside Hospital, 1961.
Shay, Jonathan. “Odysseus in America: Combat Trauma and the Trials of Homecoming.” Scribner, no. ISBN 0-7432-1156-1 352, 2002.
Sherratt, Y. “Adorno and Horkheimer’s Concept of ‘Enlightenment.’” British Journal for the History of Philosophy, vol. 8, no. 3, Oct. 2000
Virgil, and Robert Fagles. The Aeneid. The Folio Society, 2010.
Brodsky, Joseph. A Part of Speech. Oxford University Press, 1997.
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2020 Abdullah Parwaiz
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.