Alienation and the Dilemma of Man in Eugene O’Neill’s The Hairy Ape


  • Dr. Anum Mirza M.A, PH.D., JKSET, J&K, India



Alienation, Existential Dilemma, Sufferings, Identity


Eugene O' Neill, an American playwright was born into a troubled and an upset family on October 16, 1888. Eugene O’ Neill had a quite precarious, wobbly and uneven adolescence as his elder brother was an affirmed alcoholic whereas his mom was a drug addict. This research paper analyzes the alienation, dilemma and the futile struggle of man in the quest of his identity. O'Neill followed the course of a superior and advanced writer looking for a profound focus in the entirety of his significant works. His perspective on humankind in his dramatizations is basically sad and heartbreaking. The author needed to cause man to feel free from all worries and inhale outside fresh air and build up a feeling of having a place in the general public in which he lived. However, it was impractical.


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Floyd, Virginia. “The Search for Self in The Hairy Ape: An Exercise in Futility?” The Eugene O’Neill Newsletter I-3 (January, 1978). 2 March 2007. /newsletter/i-3/i-3c.htm

Margaret Loftus Renald. “From trial to triumph (1913-1924): the early plays.” The Cambridge Companion to Eugene O’Neill. Ed. Michael Manheim. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1988.

O’Neill, Eugene (1988). “The Hairy Ape: A Comedy of Ancient and Modern Life in Eight Scenes”. Complete Plays 1920 – 1231. Ed. Travis Bogard. New York: Literary Classics.

O’Neill, Eugene. “The Hairy Ape”. The Plays of Eugene O’Neill Volume I. New York: The Modern Library, 1982.

Steven Falk, Doris V. Eugene O’Neill and the Tragic Tension; An interpretive Study of the Plays. New Delhi: Chaudhary Bros., 1967.




How to Cite

Mirza, D. A. . (2020). Alienation and the Dilemma of Man in Eugene O’Neill’s The Hairy Ape. SMART MOVES JOURNAL IJELLH, 8(12), 186–192.