Questioning of Stable Gender Roles in Tawfiq Al-Hakim’s The Song of Death

Authors

  • Gol Man Gurung PhD, Associate Professor, Saraswati Multiple Campus, Thamel, Kathmandu, Nepal

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.24113/ijellh.v9i1.10875

Keywords:

Gender, Masculinity, Tradition, Islamic Culture, Conflict, Gender Role.

Abstract

This paper is a critique of conventional gender roles in Tawfiq Al-Hakim’s The Song of Death. The research presents Hakim’s challenge to the masculinity especially in Arabian Islamic culture that is guided by revengeful motive of mother. Being a woman, Asakir is guided by the patriarchal motif of revenge i.e., an eye for an eye. It is Asakir, a widow who ironically thinks that version of masculinity has to be preserved by her in order to do so she makes her son Ilwan take revenge on his father’s murderer but in vain. Ilwan is represented as one of the modernists guided by social norms, decorum and laws. In order to critique the conventional notion of masculinity, the research makes use of theoretical insights of Judith Butler, Judith Halberstam and some ideas from others. Finally, the research concludes that Hakim is critical of conventional masculinity. The mother is presented as a strong advocate of masculinity but her failure at the end of the play ironically displays the implacability of gender-based roles in modern society like that of Cairo.

 

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References

Beauvoir, Simon De . The Second Sex. Trans. H. M. Parshley. Vintage Books, 1953.

Butler, Judith. Bodies That Matter. On the Discursive Limits of Sex. Routledge, 2011.

- - - . Gender Trouble: Feminism and the Subversion of Identity. Routledge, 1990.

Bly, Robert. The Maiden King: The Reunion of Masculine and Feminine. Henry Holt Co., 1998.

Carlyle, Thomas. On Heroes, Hero-Worship, and the Heroic in History. James Fraser, 1841.

Halberstam, Judith. Female Masculinity. Duke University Press, 1998.

Tawfiq Al- Hakim. “Song of Death.” The Norton Anthology of Drama. Edited by Jellen Gainor, Stanton B. Garner, Martin Puncher. Norton Play, 2009, pp. 825-842.

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Published

2021-01-29

How to Cite

Gurung , G. M. . (2021). Questioning of Stable Gender Roles in Tawfiq Al-Hakim’s The Song of Death . SMART MOVES JOURNAL IJELLH, 9(1), 18–32. https://doi.org/10.24113/ijellh.v9i1.10875