Istanbul as Palimpsest: The Black Book as a Postmodernist Representation of Turkish History and Culture

Authors

  • Aneesa Ayanee Assistant Professor, Deptt. of English, Govt. College for Women Nawakadal, Srinagar, Jammu and Kashmir, India

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.24113/ijellh.v9i2.10918

Keywords:

Turkey, Culture, Identity, Mannequins, Westernization, Film Ekphrasis.

Abstract

Orhan Pamuk’s novel, The Black Book is a postmodern chronicle of Turkey in which the author uses the structure of a detective novel to delineate the themes of identity, culture and hybridity. The paper aims to depict how Pamuk foregrounds that identities are never determinate but are forever eluding by presenting a love triangle which disappears underneath a mystical quest for one’s true self. Galip’s assuming the persona of his alter-ego, Celal; Prince Osman’s pursuit of true knowledge through reading diverse books and ultimately rejecting them; and Bedii Usta’s disillusion with the State for disapproving the mannequins, all represent the interlacing of cultures and interdependence of identities in contemporary Turkey. Moreover, in the novel, the rich Ottoman tradition and Islamic literature are also revisited in a postmodern light so as to present the allegorical and political connotations inherent in them. The paper also examines how the novel portrays the forced westernization and erasure of history and memories through the use of film ekphrasis to highlight how the Turkish citizens were lured by the Western cinema and indoctrinated about the superiority of the West so as to generate in them a sense of anxiety about their identities.

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References

Aykol, Ece. “The Black Book: Ekphrastic Landscape”. Essays Interpreting the Writings of Novelist Orhan Pamuk. Ed. Nilgun Anadolu-Okur. University of Michigan: Edwin Mellen Press, 2009. PDF.

Pamuk, Orhan. Other Colours: Essays and a Story (Maureen Freely, Trans.). London: Faber and Faber, 2011.

---. The Black Book. London: Faber and Faber, 2006.

Sakr, Rita. “Between Terror and Taboo: Monumentalisation as the Matrix of History and Politics in Orhan Pamuk’s The Black Book and Snow”. British Journal of Middle Eastern Studies. 38.2 (Aug. 2011): 227-247. Web.

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Published

2021-02-27

How to Cite

Ayanee, A. . (2021). Istanbul as Palimpsest: The Black Book as a Postmodernist Representation of Turkish History and Culture. SMART MOVES JOURNAL IJELLH, 9(2), 158–167. https://doi.org/10.24113/ijellh.v9i2.10918