Extraction Ecology: Environment and People in the Anthropocene
Keywords:Ecocriticism, Goa, Environment, Extractive Fiction
The uncontrollable pursuit of growth and benefits has dominated our society. In developed part of the planet people live in energy phase of modernity but it is marked by instability of social situations and culture forms. It is often closely related to issues such as climate change, the disappearance of agro-biodiversity, or the loss of animal biodiversity. The extreme climate flux that human beings face today can be linked to the human continuous need for energy. The constant appetite to consume more and more energy has resulted in environmental degradation, like collapsed impoundment dams, floods, dead zones in forests. It has not only affected the environment but also people. It has given rise to unemployment, crippling poverty, and diseases such as black lung disease. This paper operates at the intersection of ecocriticism and extractive fiction studies to study the impact of mining by examining The Upheaval by Pundalik Naik. By applying the theory of ecocriticism, this paper will study and highlight how these places are rich in resources but are places of environmental degradation, public health issues, poverty and social conflict.
Adamson, Joni. American Indian Literature, Ecocriticism, and Environmental Justice: The Middle Place. Tucson: University of Arizona Press, 2001
Apter, Andrew. The Pan-African Nation: Oil and the Spectacle of Culture in Nigeria. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2008.
Buell, Lawrence. “Toxic Discourse.” Critical Inquiry 24, no. 3 (1998):
Deckard, Sharae. “Trains, Stones, and Energetics: African Resource Culture and the Neoliberal WorldEcology.” In World Literature, Neoliberalism, and the Culture of Discontent, edited by Sharae Deckard and Stephen Shapiro, 239–62. Cham, Switzerland: Palgrave MacMillan, 2019.
Di Chiro, Giovanna. “Environmental Justice.” In Keywords for Environmental Studies, edited by Joni Adamson, William A. Gleason, and David N. Pellow, 100–105. New York: NYU Press, 2016
Ghosh, Amitav. “Petrofiction.” New Republic, March 2, 1992,
Lustgarten, Abraham. “Injection Wells: The Poison Beneath Us.” ProPublica. June 21, 2012. www .propublica.org/article/injection-wells-the-poison-beneath-us
MATTHEW S. HENRY. Extractive Fictions and Postextraction Futurisms Energy and Environmental Injustice in Appalachia: Department of English, Arizona State University–Tempe, USA , 2019
Naik, Pundalik N. The Upheaval-Acchev. Trans. Vidya Pai. New Delhi: Oxford University Press, 2002.
Nixon , Rob . Slow Violence and environmentalism of the poor : Harvard University Press , 2013 .
Pavlov Russle. Extractive Industries in the Global South: Cambridge University Press, 2018
Yahn, Jacqueline. “Frackonomics.” In Appalachia Revisited: New Perspectives on Place, Tradition, and Progress, edited by Rebecca Schumann and William Adkins Fletcher, 139–54. Lexington: University of Kentucky Press, 2016. Young, James E. “The Counter-Monument: Memory against Itself in Germany Today.” Critical Inquiry 18, no. 2 (1992)
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2021 Chesta Yadav
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.