Hysteric Woman: A Study on The Yellow Wallpaper

“I’m sitting by the window in this atrocious nursery”

Authors

  • Shahnaz M. S.
  • Dr. Rajani B

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.24113/ijellh.v9i5.11057

Keywords:

Hysteria, Feminism, Patriarchy, Mental Health, Feminine, Masculine, Castration Anxiety

Abstract

In an unquestionably patriarchal society, women who dissent, who had a voice of her own, one with strong affiliations towards social change were labelled as hysteric and mad. Their symptoms were thoughtfulness, deviation from social behavior, tendency to shout and express one’s emotion, even getting angry were considered as symptoms of hysteria. A hysteric woman is a hopeless woman, the lost one; who needs to be locked up in an attic. The men had two extreme approaches towards these conditions. They either treated women as fragile beings, who need to be cared and nurtured under the protection of men. Or they termed “women with disease” as monstrous, insane, dangerous and despicable beings. These two approaches were unhealthy and were designed to preserve the superiority of masculine self over the feminine. These tags which were labelled on women came from their existential fear; ‘the castration anxiety’.

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Author Biographies

Shahnaz M. S.

Research Scholar, Department of English

The Zamorin’s Guruvayurappan College

Kozhikode, Kerala, India

Dr. Rajani B

Research Guide, Associate Professor

Department of English

The Zamorin’s Guruvayurappan College

Kozhikode, Kerala, India

References

Primary Source

Gilman, Charlotte Perkins. The Yellow Wallpaper. The New England Magazine, 1892.

Secondary Sources

Bronfen, Elisabeth. The Knotted Subject. 1997.

Showalter, Elaine. Hystories: Hysterical Epidemics and Modern Culture.1997.

Cixous, Helene. The Laugh of Medusa. 1976.

Freud, Sigmund. The Uncanny. Penguin Books. 2003

Gilman, Sander. Hysteria Beyond Freud. 1993.

Kristeva, Julia. The Powers of Horror: An Essay on Abjection. Columbia UP. 1980.

Mitchell, Juliet. Psychoanalysis and Feminism. 1974.

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Published

28-05-2021

How to Cite

M. S., S. ., & B, D. R. (2021). Hysteric Woman: A Study on The Yellow Wallpaper: “I’m sitting by the window in this atrocious nursery”. SMART MOVES JOURNAL IJELLH, 9(5), 170–178. https://doi.org/10.24113/ijellh.v9i5.11057

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Article