African Motherhood: A Panic History in The Bluest Eye and Beloved


  • Mukhtar Ahmad Ganie
  • Dr. Shubhra Tripathi



Mother, Calamities, Paradigm, Assault, Sacrifice


Mother is a bonus bestowed upon humanity by Almighty Allah as she can claim all the calamities for her children to make them safe. The importance of mother as suggested by Prophet Mohammad (PBUH) If I (PBUH) would have been in prayer (Salat) and she (Mother) had called me, I (PBUH) would have left my prayer to listen to her first and then I would have completed my prayer. Here it shows the essence of mother, as she is the source for a man to claim the heaven. Nissim Ezekiel in one of his poems says, ‘Thank God! Scorpion picked on me and spared my children’ this shows that she can suffer the pain of poison to make safety of her children possible. African motherhood is a paradigm for mothers all over the world. These black mothers have suffered sexual abuse during the period of slavery to save their wards. They worked very hard and even sometimes murdered their children to save them from slavery and sexual assault from the rich white masters. Same thing can be seen in the novels of this study. This research paper will explore the circumstances that compelled mothers to sacrifice their wards and suffer the pangs for whole life. Importance of motherhood will be explored here.


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Author Biographies

Mukhtar Ahmad Ganie

Barkatullah University

Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh, India

Dr. Shubhra Tripathi

Professor and Head Department of English

Govt Motilal Vigyan Mahavidyalaya

Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh, India


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How to Cite

Ganie, M. A., & Tripathi, D. S. . (2021). African Motherhood: A Panic History in The Bluest Eye and Beloved. SMART MOVES JOURNAL IJELLH, 9(8), 9–24.