SUFFERINGS OF THE VOICELESS SUBALTERN IN ARAVIND ADIGA’S THE WHITE TIGER
The term ‘subaltern’ denotes ‘inferior rank’, adopted by Antonio Gramsci, an Italian Marxist and Communist Party Leader, to refer to those groups in society who are subject to the hegemony of the ruling classes. ‘Subaltern’ means a person whose life is in the margin or periphery. Gramsci used this term to refer the ‘proletariat’ or the labour class. A subaltern is someone with a low ranking in a social, political, or other hierarchy. It can also mean someone who has been marginalised or oppressed. From the Latin roots ‘sub’ means “below”, and ‘alternus’ means “all others”, subaltern is used to describe someone of a low rank or class.
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