Allegorical Representation in Arthur Miller’s Death of a Salesman
Keywords:individual mobility, sympathy, American dream, human situations, exhaustion.
The purpose of this study is to explore Arthur Miller’s words and symbols are more and more alive with life like characters and situations. Flesh and blood characters scale the world in the play Death of a Salesman and the characters are caught up in completely human situations. Situations are such that can be visualized and characters win our sympathy. This play received numerous awards for its literary merit, including the Pulitzer Prize for drama and it is considered by various critics as the perfect embodiment of the contemporary American drama. The play opens with references to cars. Cars are American symbol of individual mobility, freedom, and social status. But Miller uses the positive American suggestions of this symbol in a negative and ironic manner. This past association of the car with family happiness and eager activity contrasts with the symbol of the car in the present, when its implications include mental and physical exhaustion, a means of committing suicide, and death. Death of a Salesman is a serious satire, brought Miller artistic success as well as international recognition. This play has been viewed by many as a caustic attack on the Americans ideas of achieving wealth and success. Miller’s criticism of the American dream comes as part of his larger commentary on societal changes.
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