Women Empowerment in India – Constraints and Contemplation in Modern day Feminism


  • Sabyasachi Mukherjee Research Scholar, Tilka Manjhi Bhagalpur University, Bhagalpur, Bihar India


Women, Empowerment, Male, Patriarchy, Equality.


Aristotle, the said Greek Philosopher declared that ‘female is female by virtue of certain lack of meditation and st. Thomas Acquinas believed that woman is an ‘imperfect man’. Again in Aeschylus’ triology ‘The oresteia’ victory is granted by Athena to the male argument put by Apollo that the mother is no parent to her child. The victory of the male principle of intellect brings to an end the reign of the sensual female furies and asserts patriarchy over matriarchy.  Throughout its long history, women’s conscious struggle to resist patriarchy has sought to disturb the complacent certainties of such a patriarchal culture to assert a belief in sexual equality and to eradicate sexist domination in transforming society. Kate Millet, the famous author of epoch-making creation ‘Textual politics’ argues that ideological, Indoctrination as much as economic inequality is the cause of women’s oppression, an arguments which opened of second wave thinking about reproduction, sexuality and representation. Patriarchy hence subordinates the female to male or treats the female as inferior male and this power is expressed directly or indirectly in civil and domestic life to constrain women.


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Author Biography

Sabyasachi Mukherjee, Research Scholar, Tilka Manjhi Bhagalpur University, Bhagalpur, Bihar India