A CRITICAL AND POSTCOLONIAL STUDY OF THE POEM ENTITLED â€˜AUSTRALIAâ€™ BY A. D. HOPE
A.D. Hope is an Australian poet who began publishing poems when he was 14 years old, was educated in Australia and at the University of Oxford. He taught at various Australian universities, including Sydney Teachersâ€™ College and Melbourne University, until his retirement in 1972. He is Australia's most widely honoured poet having a tribal background. He became conscious of his Australian identity when he was studying at Oxford University. There he got an opportunity to compare his country with England. He found that England had a rich cultural and literary tradition compared to his own country which had a colonial past. Unlike other Australians who had gone to England for their studies, he returned home because he wanted to do something concrete for his motherland. In spite of the anachronistic nature of Hope's poetic opus and oeuvre, commentators praise his piercing satire, the pellucidity and coherence of his language, and worldliness of his poetic vision and view him as an important contributor to traditional rhythm and sound in contemporary poetry. He is also viewed as a sardonic and mordant poet, as many of his works mock at technology, incongrity, conservatism and the ridiculousness of modern life. Though traditional in form, his poetry is thoroughly modern. Australian poets write about aborigines (native Australians) and about their identity in their poems. The poem Australia talks about the present ambience of Australia. Australia was once a land of trees, but today it is full of war and soldiers. The lands are now covered by the military uniforms â€“ green and grey. Its hills are dark and broken like the broken lion statues of Egypt.