Holocaust Literature: A Saga of Suffering and Survival with Special Reference to Art Spiegelmanâ€™s â€˜Mausâ€™
The Holocaust is like "an atom bomb that disperses its radioactive fallout in distant places, often a long time after the actual explosion" (Kellermann 197). Holocaust literature as a genre includes texts not only about persecution of Jews in concentration camps (1933-1939) but also about the ghettos and extermination camps that were built after the Second World War had begun. Millions of lives were devoured in this Jewish Holocaust. The novel, Maus presents the gripping story of Art Spiegelmanâ€™s parents who were Holocaust survivors. Interwoven with his fatherâ€™s memoirs is the writerâ€™s own perspective, as he tried to make sense of his fatherâ€™s plight. The story moves between the past and the present, the readers get to witness the immediate effects and the long term scars of the Nazi terror. It not only chronicles the story of Vladek and Anja Spiegelman who suffered in the concentration camps but also reveals how they survived. The book also presents the struggles of the second generation of Jewish people whose existence is extremely influenced by the Holocaust, despite the fact that they were born after it. The study also depicts the different techniques adopted by Spiegelman to present the horrifying situation.