Surmounting Patriarchy of Proselytism in Dayabai’s Pachaviral


  • Dr. Aysha Swapna. K. A Assistant Professor Department of English, Farook College Autonomous, Calicut 673632, Kerala, India.


The struggle of a woman to free herself and her society from its patriarchal shackles is an interesting process to observe and demands selfless forfeiture which precedes such an honourable work. The life of Dayabai is a striking example for many of these reasons. The oppressed will require remarkable surge of vigor to come out of the insulated existence of her imposed servitude, to raise her voice for herself and her dogma. Man exerts his dominance by encapsulating the realm of family, religion, customs, tradition, and social practices in such a way that it results in one end- curtailing the independence of women. Dayabai is a towering personality who registered her protests and followed her inner voice only to find peace of mind for herself and for the community she chose to serve. In a awe-inspiring act of repudiation, she decides to seek meaning of her being in providing solace to many in the north Indian plains and forests. She adopted the name Dayabai which endeared her to those natives to whom she went with the gospel of empowerment. Pachaviral is the autobiography of Dayabai. It records how she created history by choosing the revered vocation of a nun and later being led by her conviction following her inner voice to come out of the nunnery to the midst of the sheep. The paper maps the politics of this revocation. She has in the meanwhile derided the law of the patriarch and salvaged the law of the Shepherd. This paper clinically examines the entailing processes involved in the progression.


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