Psychoanalytical Analysis of the play Ruined


  • Aiza Usmani, Research Scholar Department of Languages, Integral University, Lucknow,India


This paper talks about the psychological analysis of the female survivors of the war-struck zone of the Democratic Republic of Congo as portrayed in the play Ruined by Lynn Nottage. Sexual assault, rape and torture have been treated as weapons of war to demoralise and destroy the lives of people in DRC. Interaction with such events impacts the psychological well-being of women. Nottage tries to observe and generalise the lives of Congolese women and discusses the psychological implications of rape, torture, wars and genocide. This literature suggests that for the Congolese rape victims, post-assault help-seeking becomes a ‘second rape’, which is dual victimisation of the women of Congo.


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How to Cite

Usmani, A. (2021). Psychoanalytical Analysis of the play Ruined. SMART MOVES JOURNAL IJELLH, 11. Retrieved from