Re-aligning the “Other” using Sports as a Cultural Tool: A Study based on Invictusand Lagaan – Once Upon a time in India


  • Anjana R B Research Scholar, Department of English, Amrita School of Arts and Sciences, Amrita Vishwa Vidyapeetham, Amritapuri Campus, Kollam, Kerala, India.


Cricket, Cultural Autonomy, Cultural Reality, Rugby, Subaltern.


Culture and Civilisation, no doubt, contributes in Games and Sports. That is why different countries are famous for different games. The way in which Sport helps different groups for overcoming the problems of identity, prestige and status cannot be uncoupled from issues of injustice and the redistribution of wealth. Sports have helped in providing a Cultural autonomy creating a Cultural Reality. This paper explores how sports was used as a tool by the two protagonists’ -  Mandela and Bhuvan in the movies Invictus and Lagaan : Once upon a time in India , to bring out the unity among the Subalterns- the Black Africans and the Natives of Champaneer village respectively. This paper reflects on how Sports could re-align the “Other” community which existed based on Cultural differences and how they came out portraying Cultural autonomy vanishing away the Fourth world among them.Invictuspicturises Mandela’s wisdom in building and turning the National Rugby team to build the post- Apartheid South African state whereas Lagaan is a significant contribution to popular culture for its ability to convincingly portray how cultural improvisations in Cricket of Subaltern groups can co-opt and critique master forms and troops off the West. This paper would be a documentation of how the Subalterns – the Black Africans and Natives of Champaner village, who were made to stand out of popular culture and Modern life entered History though the tools of the civilized –The  Sports – Rugby and Cricket.



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How to Cite

R B, A. (2018). Re-aligning the “Other” using Sports as a Cultural Tool: A Study based on Invictusand Lagaan – Once Upon a time in India. SMART MOVES JOURNAL IJELLH , 6(11), 13. Retrieved from