Dalit Literature-Oppression of Untouchables in Rohinton Mistry’s A Fine Balance
In the present global research scenario subaltern theme has become so prominent that it is regularly used in various disciplines such as history, sociology, psychology, anthropology and literature. The word ‘subaltern’ is a German word which means ‘inferior rank’ or ‘secondary importance’. Subaltern literature reflects various themes such as oppression, marginalization, Gender discrimination, subjugation of lower and working classes, disregarded women, neglected sections of society. The concept of untouchability is a practice in which some lower caste people are kept at a distance being ignored by higher caste people. Some of the writers in Indian literature are giving voice for untouchability through their writing. Like Bama , Spivak, Raja Roa, Kamala Markandaya, Rohinton Mistry and so on. Rohinton Mistry is a writer of Indian Diaspora and his writings reflect the crisis of self-identity and aspects of immigration. This Paper intends to study the social status of subalterns during the emergency period that is represented in Rohinton Mistry’s A Fine Balance. It represents a clear picture of Indian Political and historical facts about the life of subaltern people. This paper shows how the common people of India are changed as subalterns and the paper further intends to explore the tragic life of four major different characters that belong to different social classes.
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