The theme of illusion and reality in tennessee williams’s The glass menagerie


  • Dr. M. Sangeetha Assistant Professor of English, Nallamuthu Gounder Mahalingam College Pollachi-Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India.
  • Mr. R. Kalyasundaram Ph.D Research Scholar (Part-Time) Kandaswami Kandar’s College, P.Velur, Namakkal, Tamil Nadu,India


Tennessee Williams has brought to the American theatre a highly poetic literary individuality. He is a dramatist of lost souls. Tennessee Williams as a dramatist is highly indebted to the Russian playwright and short-story writer, Anton Chekhov. He is concerned with the decline of aristocratic societies and the clash between the old and the new social values. A strong influence on The Glass Menagerie is the life and work of the American poet, Hart Crane. It is the purest work to come from the pen of Tennessee Williams. Williams suggestively writes, The Glass Menagerie as a memory play. This paper attempts to justify the title of the theme of Illusion and Reality in The Glass Menagerie.

            Williams has made illusion as an integral part. He uses his character and narrator Tom Wing field to tell us directly that the pray is an illusion. Tom explains that his purpose is not simply to produce an illusion that appears true, a photographic representation of his family’s life in the 1930’s, but, instead to reveal “truth” in the “disguise of illusion”. Tom wants to discern a truth about life with the illusion he creates. Moreover, he wants us to understand that the truth in The Glass Menagerie is incorporated in the specific deceptions the characters themselves embrace and which they depend so very strongly.


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How to Cite

Sangeetha, D. M., & Kalyasundaram, M. R. (2018). The theme of illusion and reality in tennessee williams’s The glass menagerie. SMART MOVES JOURNAL IJELLH , 6(12), 8. Retrieved from