A Study On The Term ‘Sangita’ In Sanskrit Treatises
Abstract: Indian music is pre-eminently superior to all other systems not only in its laká¹£ya and laká¹£ana but also has a glorious colourful history behind it. The treatise has been written by JagadÄ“kamalla, son of SomÄ“á¹£wara. It was written during the period 1138 -1150 A.D. Since the title of the work itself contains the term “Sangita”, it would be presumed that the entire work describes the 3 aspects of dÄ“si â€“ gÄ«ta, vÄdya and ná¹›tya. However, the available edition of the work contains a chapter of prabandha, raga and tÄá¸·a. It is the greatest work on music after NÄá¹yaÅšÄstra, which was written by sage Bharatha. Next, to NÄá¹yaÅšÄstra, SangÄ«ta RatnÄkara of the 13th century stands foremost in Sanskrit literature on music. His work was a guide easily accessible to all later laká¹£anakÄras or authors. This is a work by ParÅ›vadÄ“va who belonged to Jain sect. No information is available about the date or place of the author. SangÄ«tasamayasÄra is spread over ÄdikaranÄs which are as follows - NÄda, Ä€lapti and sthaya, RÄga, VÄdya, Ná¹›tta, Prabanda, TÄá¸·a, details on some musical contests and some aspects of tÄá¸·aprastaras. It is one of the most remarkable and popular works dealing with the Northern or HindustÄni system of music. There is no conclusive evidence to show when pÄrijÄtha was written, but there is circumstantial evidence to prove that it must have been written about the latter half of the 17th century by AhÅbala. It consists of 2 khaná¸as. The first contains a description of raga and prabandha and the second contains a delineation of vÄdya and tÄá¸·as.
How to Cite