POSTCOLONIAL DISCOURSE AS SOCIAL CRITICISM: EDWARD SAID, GAYATRI CHAKRAVORTY SPIVAK AND HOMI K. BHABHA
Keywords:hegemony, Modern literary, Edward, Western domination, postcolonialism, .etc
Modern literary critics are of the opinion that postcolonial theory is an area of literary and cultural study that seeks a very strong resistance to the former colonizer. Edward Said is the founder of Anglophone postcolonial theory whose magnum opus Orientalism (1978) examines how the Western image of the Orient has been constructed by the generation of writers and scholars and thereby, legitimized imperial penetration and control. Antonio Gramsci’s concept of ‘hegemony’ influenced significantly Edward Said in order to write the book, Orientalism. Gayatri Chakravorty Spivak, one of the pioneer of Postcolonial criticism and an immigrant of Third World Academic, uses her location to problematize the postcolonial situation comprehending continued Western domination. The discourse of the postcolonial theories and principles results the commonwealth literature. Commonwealth literature includes different types of literature from different cultures. It is not simply concerned with salvaging post worlds, but leading how the world can move beyond a place of mutual respect. The thematic discourses of postcolonialism widen the range and expanse of contemporary literature.
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