Existence of Human Evil in William Golding’s Lord of The Flies
Keywords:dichotomy,evil, chaos, uninhabited
World War I & II taught the world about the ugliness of war and hatred, and the dichotomy between good and evil. It is the individual who needs to bring-forth the change in oneself which leads to change in society. Evil is a part of man's nature. No society is bad in itself, it is the defective human nature that makes the defective society. William Gerald Golding was a British novelist, playwright, and poet. He won a Nobel Prize in Literature and was awarded the Booker Prize for fiction in 1980.He is best known for his novel Lord of the Flies. The novel explores the dark side of human nature and stresses the importance of reason and intelligence as tools for dealing with the chaos of existence. The novel focuses on a group of British boys stranded on an uninhabited island and their disastrous attempt to govern themselves. The central concern is the conflict between two competing impulses that exist within all human beings: the instinct to live by rules, act peacefully, follow moral commands, and value the good of the group against the instinct to gratify one’s immediate desires, act violently to obtain supremacy over others, and enforce one’s will. Throughout the novel, Golding associates the instinct of civilization with good and the instinct of savagery with evil.
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