Gender Justice and Female Masculinities in Margaret Laurence’s The Stone Angel


  • Ms. S. Sharmila, Ph.d scholar, Dept. of English, Chikkaiah Naicker College, Erode, Tamil Nadu, India


Margaret Laurence, The Stone Angel, Masculinity Theory, Male and Female Masclinities.


If it was to say what is the major emotion of [.. ] masculinity, it is anxiety. Why? Because you have to prove your masculinity all the time – Michael Kimmel


Margaret Laurence, “a founding mother of Canadian literature,” the first President of the National Organization of Women of Canada was one of the best loved pioneering, women writers. She had been a sensitive, sensible woman writer who was happy to say that she ‘wrote about women’ necessarily. Being a feminist before Feminism, she would not have been aware, however, of the possibilities of theorising the cause of men’s hegemony over women as well as their own selves as “masculinity,” in the later years , which inflicted damage on their own selves as well as on others, and its pluralistic expounding  as ‘masculinities’ as Raewyn Connell later was to call it; and still further she would not have figured her own heroine of her novel The Stone Angel adopted “Female Masculinities,” as Halberstam supplemented masculinity theory later, to set aside the hegemonic masculinities of the men those heroine had to closely interact with; and it could be attributed that the toxicity of their masculinities - or “toxic masculinities,” as it is called, of late - that harmed all of them. Her reputed novel portrays the masculine men of Manawaka and challenging women who interacted with them to trace their rights, individuality, even against the will and pleasure of their men and society around to assert themselves and be successful in their lives.


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How to Cite

Sharmila, M. S. (2019). Gender Justice and Female Masculinities in Margaret Laurence’s The Stone Angel. SMART MOVES JOURNAL IJELLH , 7(2), 15. Retrieved from