Social Realism and Resiliency in Terry McMillan’s Mama


  • Ms. S. Viji Ph. D. Reg. No. 12542 Assistant Professor of English, Sri Sarada College for Women, Sadakathulla Appa College, Tirunelveli, Tamil Nadu, India
  • Dr. K. Hema Research Supervisor, Asst.Prof.of English, Sadakathulla Appa College, Tirunelveli, Tamil Nadu, India


female identity, female experience, motherhood, child rearing, mother-daughter rivalry


: African American Literature has become an irrevocable part of American Literature and culture.  Slave narratives label the initiation of African-American Literature in United States. The yesteryear of slavery and the import of Africans as slaves to America was the main reason for the rise of African American writers.    The continuous evolution of some novels of women writers made many black women to turn to better contemplative and accepting of Black women’s problems.  Black women writers began to examine and expose female identity apart from female experience and they focused mainly on black experience.  Women’s writing became a tool of feminism in the works of Alice Walker, Toni Morrison and Terry McMillan. In contemporary African American women’s fiction Terry McMillan’s novels are considered as a remarkable inventive force.  Her novels abandon intellectual interests of race which is a supreme threat found throughout African American Literature.   She focuses mainly on Black experiences and particularly the racial and feminist issues.  As Terry has mapped urban experiences of African American men and women, her novels are notably popular.  This paper investigates the issues such as motherhood, child rearing and mother-daughter rivalry in Terry McMillan’s Mama which footmarks her heroine’s struggles through hopeless realities.  The novel is permeated with social realism and not is merely a woman’s wrangle in a patriarchal society.


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How to Cite

Viji, M. S., & Hema, D. K. (2019). Social Realism and Resiliency in Terry McMillan’s Mama. SMART MOVES JOURNAL IJELLH , 7(2), 9. Retrieved from